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The Adaptive Bleaching Hypothesis: Experimental Tests of Critical Assumptions 
Kinzie, R. A; Takayama, M; Santos, S.R; Coffroth, M. A. (2019-08-02)
Coral bleaching, the loss of color due to loss of symbiotic zooxanthellae or their pigment, appears to be increasing in intensity and geographic extent, perhaps related to increasing sea surface temperatures. The adaptive ...
Biogeochemical and Microbial Variation across 5500 km of Antarctic Surface Sediment Implicates Organic Matter as a Driver of Benthic Community Structure 
Learman, Deric R; Henson, Michael W.; Thrash, J. Cameron; Temperton, Ben; Brannock, Pamela M; Santos, Scott R; Mahon, Andrew R; Halanych, Kenneth M (2019-04-29)
Western Antarctica, one of the fastest warming locations on Earth, is a unique environment that is underexplored with regards to biodiversity. Although pelagic microbial communities in the Southern Ocean and coastal Antarctic ...
Classification of a Hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila Pathotype Responsible for Epidemic Outbreaks in Warm-Water Fishes 
Rasmussen-Ivey, Cody R.; Hossain, Mohammad J.; Odom, Sara E; Terhun, Jeffery S.; Hemstreet, William G; Shoemaker, Craig A; Zhang, Dunhu; Xu, De-Hai; Griffin, Matt J; Liu, Yong-Jie; Figueras, Maria J; Santos, Scott R; Newton, Joseph C; Liles, Mark R (2019-04-29)
Lineages of hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) are the cause of persistent outbreaks of motile Aeromonas septicemia in warm-water fishes worldwide. Over the last decade, this virulent lineage of A. hydrophila has ...
Constantly fluctuating in an inconsistent way: comparing the effects of sinusoidal and naturally fluctuating incubation temperatures on embryo development 
Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
Temperature is a commonly studied environmental factor influencing embryo development in oviparous ectotherms. Though most studies use constant temperature incubation conditions, researchers are aware of the effects of ...
Contrasting evolution of virulence and replication rate in an emerging bacterial pathogen 
Tardy, Luc; Giraudeau, Mathieu; Hill, Geoffrey E.; McGraw, Kevin J.; Bonneaud, Camille; 0000-0001-8864-6495 (2020-05-26)
Host resistance through immune clearance is predicted to favor pathogens that are able to transmit faster and are hence more virulent. Increasing pathogen virulence is, in turn, typically assumed to be mediated by increasing ...
Crossing the Divide: Admixture Across the Antarctic Polar Front Revealed by the Brittle Star Astrotoma agassizii 
Galaska, Matthew P; Sands, Chester J; Santos, Scott R; Mahon, Andrew R; Halanych, Kenneth M (2019-07-31)
The Antarctic Polar Front (APF) is one of the most well-defined and persistent oceanographic features on the planet and serves as a barrier to dispersal between the Southern Ocean and lower latitudes. High levels of endemism ...
Data for: Adaptive seasonal shift towards investment in fewer, larger offspring: Evidence from field and laboratory studies 
Hall, Joshua M; Mitchell, Timothy S; Thawley, Christopher J; Stroud, James T; Warner, Daniel A; 0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-12-20)
1. Seasonal changes in reproduction have been described for many taxa. As reproductive seasons progress, females often shift from greater energetic investment in many small offspring towards investing less total energy ...
Data for: Ecologically relevant thermal fluctuations enhance offspring fitness: biological and methodological implications for studies of thermal developmental plasticity 
Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; 0000-0002-5587-3402 (2020-08-03)
Natural thermal environments are notably complex and challenging to mimic in controlled studies. Consequently, our understanding of the ecological relevance and underlying mechanisms of organismal responses to thermal ...
Data for: Thermal tolerance in the urban heat island: Thermal sensitivity varies ontogenetically and differs between embryos of two sympatric ectotherms 
Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-09)
Most studies of thermal tolerance use adults, but early-life stages (e.g. embryos) are often more sensitive to thermal agitation. Studies that examine effects on embryos rarely assess the potential for thermal tolerance ...
Direct and indirect genetic and fine-scale location effects on breeding date in song sparrows 
Germain, Ryan R.; Wolak, Mathew E.; Arcese, Peter; Losdat, Sylvain; Reid, Jane M.; 0000-0002-7962-0071 (2020-04-02)
1. Quantifying direct and indirect genetic effects of interacting females and males on variation in jointly expressed life-history traits is central to predicting microevolutionary dynamics. However, accurately estimating ...
Discovery and broad relevance may be insignificant components of course-based 1 undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) for non-biology majors 
Ballen, Cissy J.; Thompson, Seth K.; Blum, Jessamina E.; Newstrom, Nicholas P.; Sehoya, Cotner; 0000-0002-4693-6117 (2020-05-26)
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) are a type of laboratory learning environment associated with a science course in which undergraduates participate in novel research. According to Auchinchloss et ...
Discovery and evolution of novel hemerythrin genes in annelid worms 
Costa-Paiva, Elisa M.; Whelan, Nathan V; Waits, Damien S; Santos, Scott R.; Schrago, Carlos G.; Halanych, Kenneth M. (2019-04-29)
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive study on hemoglobins and hemocyanins, little is known about hemerythrin (Hr) evolutionary history. Four subgroups of Hrs have been documented, including: circulating Hr (cHr), myohemerythrin ...
Do Small Classes in Higher Education Reduce Performance Gaps in STEM? 
Ballen, Cissy; Aguillon, Stefanie; Brunelli, Rebecca; Drake, Abby Grace; Wassenberg, Deena; Weiss, Stacey; Zamudio, Kelly; Cotner, Sehoya (2019-07-11)
Performance gaps in science are well documented, and an examination of underlying mechanisms that lead to underperformance and attrition of women and underrepresented minorities (URM) may offer highly targeted means to ...
Does season-dependent reproductive value of offspring drive the evolution of life-history traits in Anolis lizards? 
Hall, Joshua M; Mitchell, Timothy S; Tiatragul, Sarin; Pearson, Phillip R; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
An important component of the reproductive strategy of many animals involves a seasonal shift in reproductive traits (i.e., clutch size, egg quality). Such shifts typically occur because environmental factors that influence ...
Embryo development and global change: how do reptile embryos respond to ecologically relevant thermal stress? 
Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
Two components of global change, climate change and urbanization, both contribute to increased ambient temperatures that may induce heat stress or mortality in animals. Each phenomenon independently results in both increased ...
Embryo development and global change: how do reptile embryos respond to ecologically relevant thermal stress? 
Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
Two components of global change, climate change and urbanization, contribute to increased ambient temperatures that cause heat stress or mortality in animals. Many animals can respond to harmful temperatures behaviorally; ...
Embryological development and global change: how do reptile embryos respond to thermal stress in urban environments? 
Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
Two components of global change, climate change and urbanization, both contribute to increased ambient temperatures that may induce heat stress or mortality in animals. Each phenomenon independently results in both increased ...
Enhancing Diversity in Undergraduate Science: Self-Efficacy Drives Performance Gains with Active Learning 
Ballen, Cissy J.; Wieman, Carl; Salehi, Shima; Searle, Jeremy B.; Zamudio, Kelly R.; 0000-0002-4693-6117 (2019-08-07)
Efforts to retain underrepresented minority (URM) students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have shown only limited success in higher education, due in part to a persistent achievement gap between ...