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The Adaptive Bleaching Hypothesis: Experimental Tests of Critical Assumptions 

Kinzie, R. A; Takayama, M; Santos, S.R; Coffroth, M. A. (2019-08-02)
Coral bleaching, the loss of color due to loss of symbiotic zooxanthellae or their pigment, appears to be increasing in intensity and geographic extent, perhaps related to increasing sea surface temperatures. The adaptive ...

Anatomy of the Laminar Organs of Commelina erecta (Commelinaceae) 

Dute, Roland R.; Jackson, Brian E.; Adkins, Ryan D.; Folkerts, Debbie R. (2021-01-27)
A study was undertaken to compare the anatomy of the laminar floral parts with that of the spathes and leaves of Commelina erecta L. Each flower has two types of petals and two types of sepals. In contrast to the other ...

Biogeochemical and Microbial Variation across 5500 km of Antarctic Surface Sediment Implicates Organic Matter as a Driver of Benthic Community Structure 

Learman, Deric R; Henson, Michael W.; Thrash, J. Cameron; Temperton, Ben; Brannock, Pamela M; Santos, Scott R; Mahon, Andrew R; Halanych, Kenneth M (2019-04-29)
Western Antarctica, one of the fastest warming locations on Earth, is a unique environment that is underexplored with regards to biodiversity. Although pelagic microbial communities in the Southern Ocean and coastal Antarctic ...

Classification of a Hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila Pathotype Responsible for Epidemic Outbreaks in Warm-Water Fishes 

Rasmussen-Ivey, Cody R.; Hossain, Mohammad J.; Odom, Sara E; Terhun, Jeffery S.; Hemstreet, William G; Shoemaker, Craig A; Zhang, Dunhu; Xu, De-Hai; Griffin, Matt J; Liu, Yong-Jie; Figueras, Maria J; Santos, Scott R; Newton, Joseph C; Liles, Mark R (2019-04-29)
Lineages of hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) are the cause of persistent outbreaks of motile Aeromonas septicemia in warm-water fishes worldwide. Over the last decade, this virulent lineage of A. hydrophila has ...

Constantly fluctuating in an inconsistent way: comparing the effects of sinusoidal and naturally fluctuating incubation temperatures on embryo development 

Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
Temperature is a commonly studied environmental factor influencing embryo development in oviparous ectotherms. Though most studies use constant temperature incubation conditions, researchers are aware of the effects of ...

Contrasting evolution of virulence and replication rate in an emerging bacterial pathogen 

Tardy, Luc; Giraudeau, Mathieu; Hill, Geoffrey E.; McGraw, Kevin J.; Bonneaud, Camille; 0000-0001-8864-6495 (2020-05-26)
Host resistance through immune clearance is predicted to favor pathogens that are able to transmit faster and are hence more virulent. Increasing pathogen virulence is, in turn, typically assumed to be mediated by increasing ...

Crossing the Divide: Admixture Across the Antarctic Polar Front Revealed by the Brittle Star Astrotoma agassizii 

Galaska, Matthew P; Sands, Chester J; Santos, Scott R; Mahon, Andrew R; Halanych, Kenneth M (2019-07-31)
The Antarctic Polar Front (APF) is one of the most well-defined and persistent oceanographic features on the planet and serves as a barrier to dispersal between the Southern Ocean and lower latitudes. High levels of endemism ...

Data for A chromosome-level genome assembly for the Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus), a reptile model for physiological and evolutionary ecology 

Schwartz, Tonia; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7712-2810 (2021-04-16)
Background: High-quality genomic resources facilitate investigations into behavioral ecology, morphological and physiological adaptations, and the evolution of genomic architecture. Lizards in the genus Sceloporus have a ...

Data for: Adaptive seasonal shift towards investment in fewer, larger offspring: Evidence from field and laboratory studies 

Hall, Joshua M; Mitchell, Timothy S; Thawley, Christopher J; Stroud, James T; Warner, Daniel A; 0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-12-20)
1. Seasonal changes in reproduction have been described for many taxa. As reproductive seasons progress, females often shift from greater energetic investment in many small offspring towards investing less total energy ...

Data for: Ecologically relevant thermal fluctuations enhance offspring fitness: biological and methodological implications for studies of thermal developmental plasticity 

Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; 0000-0002-5587-3402 (2020-08-03)
Natural thermal environments are notably complex and challenging to mimic in controlled studies. Consequently, our understanding of the ecological relevance and underlying mechanisms of organismal responses to thermal ...

Data for: Thermal tolerance in the urban heat island: Thermal sensitivity varies ontogenetically and differs between embryos of two sympatric ectotherms 

Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-09)
Most studies of thermal tolerance use adults, but early-life stages (e.g. embryos) are often more sensitive to thermal agitation. Studies that examine effects on embryos rarely assess the potential for thermal tolerance ...

Data from: Dumpsters and other human structures as habitat for invasive African rock agama lizards in Florida 

Mitchell, Timothy S; Folt, Brian; Hall, Joshua M (2021-03-22)
Invasive species often use habitat differently than native species and can benefit by using underutilized habitats during the invasion process. The Peter’s Rock Agama (Agama picticauda) — native to savannahs of sub-Saharan ...

Direct and indirect genetic and fine-scale location effects on breeding date in song sparrows 

Germain, Ryan R.; Wolak, Mathew E.; Arcese, Peter; Losdat, Sylvain; Reid, Jane M.; 0000-0002-7962-0071 (2020-04-02)
1. Quantifying direct and indirect genetic effects of interacting females and males on variation in jointly expressed life-history traits is central to predicting microevolutionary dynamics. However, accurately estimating ...

Discovery and broad relevance may be insignificant components of course-based 1 undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) for non-biology majors 

Ballen, Cissy J.; Thompson, Seth K.; Blum, Jessamina E.; Newstrom, Nicholas P.; Sehoya, Cotner; 0000-0002-4693-6117 (2020-05-26)
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) are a type of laboratory learning environment associated with a science course in which undergraduates participate in novel research. According to Auchinchloss et ...

Discovery and evolution of novel hemerythrin genes in annelid worms 

Costa-Paiva, Elisa M.; Whelan, Nathan V; Waits, Damien S; Santos, Scott R.; Schrago, Carlos G.; Halanych, Kenneth M. (2019-04-29)
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive study on hemoglobins and hemocyanins, little is known about hemerythrin (Hr) evolutionary history. Four subgroups of Hrs have been documented, including: circulating Hr (cHr), myohemerythrin ...

Do Small Classes in Higher Education Reduce Performance Gaps in STEM? 

Ballen, Cissy; Aguillon, Stefanie; Brunelli, Rebecca; Drake, Abby Grace; Wassenberg, Deena; Weiss, Stacey; Zamudio, Kelly; Cotner, Sehoya (2019-07-11)
Performance gaps in science are well documented, and an examination of underlying mechanisms that lead to underperformance and attrition of women and underrepresented minorities (URM) may offer highly targeted means to ...

Does season-dependent reproductive value of offspring drive the evolution of life-history traits in Anolis lizards? 

Hall, Joshua M; Mitchell, Timothy S; Tiatragul, Sarin; Pearson, Phillip R; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
An important component of the reproductive strategy of many animals involves a seasonal shift in reproductive traits (i.e., clutch size, egg quality). Such shifts typically occur because environmental factors that influence ...