This Is AuburnAUrora

Dataset for "Genetic and functional diversity help explain pathogenic, weakly pathogenic, and commensal lifestyles in the genus Xanthomonas"


Potnis, Neha
Bhandari, Rishi
Pena, Michelle
Bowers, Robert
Weis, Kylie
Newberry, Eric
Wagner, Naama
Pupko, Tal
Jones, Jeffrey
Woyke, Tanja
Vinatzer, Boris
Jacques, Marie-Agnes


The genus Xanthomonas has been primarily studied for pathogenic interactions with plants. However, besides host and tissue specific pathogenic strains, this genus also comprises nonpathogenic strains isolated from a broad range of hosts, sometimes in association with pathogenic strains, and other environments, including rainwater. Based on their incapacity or limited capacity to cause symptoms on the host of isolation, nonpathogenic xanthomonads can be further characterized as commensal and weakly pathogenic. This study aimed to understand the diversity and evolution of nonpathogenic xanthomonads compared to their pathogenic counterparts based on their co-occurrence and phylogenetic relationship and to identify genomic traits that form the basis of a life-history framework that groups xanthomonads by ecological strategies. We sequenced genomes of 83 strains spanning the genus phylogeny and identified eight novel species, indicating unexplored diversity. While some nonpathogenic species have experienced a recent loss of a type III secretion system, specifically, the hrp2 cluster, we observed an apparent lack of association of the hrp2 cluster with lifestyles of diverse species. We gathered evidence for gene flow among co-occurring pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains, suggesting the potential of nonpathogenic strains to act as a reservoir of adaptive traits for pathogenic strains and vice versa. We further identified traits enriched in nonpathogens that suggest a strategy of stress tolerance, rather than avoidance, during their association with a broad range of host plants.