Report 16. Soil profile description for selected sites in Haiti
Guthrie, Richard L.
Rousseau, Pierre M.
Hunter, Arthur Gene
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DescriptionThe Haiti Agroforestry Research Project was a program to encourage Haitian farmers to plant fast growing trees as a cash crop. This project was part of an overall plan by USAID to curb the devastating erosion which was washing the top soil into the sea.
Reliable recommendations for the development of agroforestry systems require accurate descriptions of the environment. Information on the properties of soils in selected sites is needed to expand agroforestry in regions with similar conditions. The information generated from this report is useful in characterizing soils in the regions where the project is performing. A total of 30 profiles are described in all the regions where the grantees have their activities, and a wide range of representative soils are examined. This report may be regarded as the initial phase of the development of a simple classification system adapted for Haiti that would allow extension personnel to accurately advise the farmers on the species to plant in given soil conditions. Organizations engaged in implementing agroforestry efforts can greatly benefit from these data because they then can predict with some confidence the potential output of particular areas. The selected soils are described using the soil description methods and sheet from the Soil Conservation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Given the many constraints for the soils described, the use of inputs such as fertilizer is not recommended. When selecting species special attention needs to be given to the chemical unbalance of the soils due to extremely high calcium content, which often induces micronutrient deficiencies.Pou youn rekomandasyon kapab debon, fok li maré ak youn potre jis anbyans-la pou li kap sevi pou lot koté ki geyen kondisyon paray. Rapo sa-a se resilta de konsiltasyon Haiti Agroforestry Research Project (HARP) mandé. Infomasyon nan rapo sa-a ap sevi kom referans pou clasé sol nan zon projé sa-a ap travay. Geyen youn total de 30 profil ki soti nan tout zon koté planté ki travay ak organizsyon enténasyonal gen aktivité, é li decrit ampil diferan kalité sol. Rapo sa-a se comensman youn sistem clasifikasyon adapté pou Ayiti ki ap pemet moun kap édé agrikile yo bay bon consey sou ki espes ta reusi nan ki té. Oranis entenasyonal yo ta beneficyé tou paske yo ta kapab predi ak confyens ki renman planté-a ta ka esperé. Nan chak regyon yo pran you echantiyon té é yo fet youn deskripsyon ak fom ki soti Sevis Konsevasyon Sol de Depatman Agrikili Etazuni.
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