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Generation of anomalous flows near the bow shock by its interaction with interplanetary discontinuities 

Lin, Yu; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-30)
Two-dimensional hybrid simulations using a curvilinear coordinate system are carried out to study the interaction of the Earth's bow shock (BS) with an interplanetary directional discontinuity. In particular, plasma flow ...

Generation of near-Earth reconnection by divergent flows in the plasma sheet 

Lin, Y.; Swift, DW; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-25)
A global two-dimensional hybrid simulation is carried out to study the evolution of the near-Earth plasma sheet. It is shown that reconnection X lines and plasmoids can be generated by diverging flows in the plasma sheet. ...

Generation of rising-tone chorus in a two-dimensional mirror field by using the general curvilinear PIC code 

Ke, Yangguang; Gao, Xinliang; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Xueyi; Wang, Shui; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-05-29)
Recently, the generation of rising-tone chorus has been implemented with one-dimensional (1-D) particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations in an inhomogeneous background magnetic field, where both the propagation of waves and motion ...

Global hybrid simulation of mode conversion at the dayside magnetopause 

Shi, Feng; Lin, Yu; Wang, Xueyi; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-05)
Mode conversion at the magnetopause has been suggested to lead to the generation of kinetic Alfven waves (KAWs) and effective mass transport from the solar wind into the magnetosphere. To investigate the mode conversion ...

Global hybrid simulation of the dayside reconnection layer and associated field-aligned currents 

Lin, Y.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-26)
A two-dimensional global hybrid simulation is carried out to study the structure of the magnetopause boundary layer in the noon-midnight meridian plane associated with the dayside reconnection. In the simulation the bow ...

Global images of trapped ring current ions during main phase of 17 March 2015 geomagnetic storm as observed by TWINS 

Perez, J. D.; Goldstein, J.; McComas, D. J.; Valek, P.; Fok, M-C; Hwang, Kyoung-Joo (2020-06-03)
A unique view of the trapped particles in the inner magnetosphere provided by energetic neutral atom (ENA) imaging is used to observe the dynamics of the spatial structure and the pitch angle anisotropy on a global scale ...

Global observations of ring current dynamics during corotating interaction region-driven geomagnetic storms in 2008 

Grimes, E. W.; Perez, J. D.; Goldstein, J.; McComas, D. J.; Valek, P. (2020-06-12)
We examine the evolution of the ring current during the main and early recovery phases of three geomagnetic storms driven by corotating interaction regions. The equatorial energy density profiles of 5-30 keV ions are ...

Global patterns of Joule heating in the high-latitude ionosphere 

Zhang, XX; Wang, C.; Chen, T.; Wang, YL; Tan, A; Wu, TS; Germany, GA; Wang, W (2020-06-18)
[1] A compiled empirical global Joule heating (CEJH) model is described in this study. This model can be used to study Joule heating patterns, Joule heating power, potential drop, and polar potential size in the high-latitude ...

Global-scale hybrid simulation of cusp precipitating ions associated with magnetopause reconnection under southward IMF 

Tan, B.; Lin, Y.; Perez, J. D.; Wang, X. Y.; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-09)
With a 3-D global-scale hybrid simulation model, we investigate the energy spectra of cusp precipitating ions and issues associated with magnetopause reconnection under a southward IMF. Both the spatial and temporal energy ...

Global-scale hybrid simulation of dayside magnetic reconnection under southward IMF: Structure and evolution of reconnection 

Tan, B.; Lin, Y.; Perez, J. D.; Wang, X. Y.; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-12)
Magnetopause reconnection is investigated with our 3-D self-consistent global hybrid simulation model. The magnetic configuration and evolution of Flux Transfer Events (FTEs) and the associated ion density and ion velocity ...

Global-scale simulation of foreshock structures at the quasi-parallel bow shock 

Lin, Yu; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-18)
A two-dimensional, global-scale hybrid simulation is carried out to study the kinetic structure of the quasi-parallel bow shock. In the simulation the bow shock forms by the interaction of the supersonic solar wind and the ...

Hall effect control of magnetotail dawn-dusk asymmetry: A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation 

Lu, San; Lin, Y.; Angelopoulos, V.; Artemyev, A. V.; Pritchett, P. L.; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Xueyi; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-03)
Magnetotail reconnection and related phenomena (e.g., flux ropes, dipolarizing flux bundles, flow bursts, and particle injections) occur more frequently on the duskside than on the dawnside. Because this asymmetry can ...

The Hall Electric Field in Earth's Magnetotail Thin Current Sheet 

Lu, San; Artemyev, A., V; Angelopoulos, V; Lin, Y; Zhang, X-J; Liu, J.; Avanov, L.A.; Giles, B. L.; Russell, C. T.; Strangeway, R. J. (2020-05-28)
One of the most important properties of Earth's magnetotail thin current sheet (TCS) is that its current is predominantly contributed by magnetized electrons. The Hall electric field, normal to the TCS and generated by ...

Hybrid simulation of foreshock waves and ion spectra and their linkage to cusp energetic ions 

Wang, X. Y.; Lin, Y.; Chang, S. -W.; 0000-0001-5533-5981; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-16)
A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation is carried out to investigate energetic ions and electromagnetic waves in the quasi-parallel (Q-parallel to) bow shock and cusp for a typical interplanetary magnetic field ...

Hybrid simulation of mode conversion at the magnetopause 

Lin, Y.; Johnson, J. R.; Wang, X. Y.; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-16)
Two-dimensional hybrid simulations are used to investigate how fast-mode compressional waves incident on a magnetopause current layer mode convert both linearly and nonlinearly to short wavelength (k(perpendicular to)rho(i) ...

Intermediate shocks in three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic bow-shock flows with multiple interacting shock fronts 

Cable, S.; Lin, Y.; Holloway, J. L.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-18)
Previous MHD simulations predict that when switch-on shock conditions obtain in the solar wind, the bow shock produced in front of an ellipsoidal obstacle will produce a unique bow shock configuration that includes a concave ...

Investigation of storm time magnetotail and ion injection using three-dimensional global hybrid simulation 

Lin, Y.; Wang, X. Y.; Lu, S.; Perez, J. D.; Lu, Q.; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-05)
Dynamics of the near-Earth magnetotail associated with substorms during a period of extended southward interplanetary magnetic field is studied using a three-dimensional (3-D) global hybrid simulation model that includes ...

Ion Acceleration Inside Foreshock Transients 

Liu, Terry Z.; Lu, San; Angelopoulos, Vassilis; Lin, Yu; Wang, X. Y.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-05-28)
Recent observations upstream of Earth's bow shock have revealed that foreshock transients can not only accelerate solar wind ions by reflection at their upstream boundaries but may also accelerate ions inside them. Evidence ...

Ion Bernstein instability as a possible source for oxygen ion cyclotron harmonic waves 

Min, Kyungguk; Denton, Richard E.; Liu, Kaijun; Gary, S. Peter; Spence, Harlan E.; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-01)
This paper demonstrates that an ion Bernstein instability can be a possible source for recently reported electromagnetic waves with frequencies at or near the singly ionized oxygen ion cyclotron frequency, Omega(+)(O), and ...

Ion Bernstein instability dependence on the proton-to-electron mass ratio: Linear dispersion theory 

Min, Kyungguk; Liu, Kaijun; 0000-0002-2095-8529; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-03)
Fast magnetosonic waves, which have as their source ion Bernstein instabilities driven by tenuous ring-like proton velocity distributions, are frequently observed in the inner magnetosphere. One major difficulty in the ...