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Hall effect control of magnetotail dawn-dusk asymmetry: A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation 

Lu, San; Lin, Y.; Angelopoulos, V.; Artemyev, A. V.; Pritchett, P. L.; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Xueyi; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-03)
Magnetotail reconnection and related phenomena (e.g., flux ropes, dipolarizing flux bundles, flow bursts, and particle injections) occur more frequently on the duskside than on the dawnside. Because this asymmetry can ...

The Hall Electric Field in Earth's Magnetotail Thin Current Sheet 

Lu, San; Artemyev, A., V; Angelopoulos, V; Lin, Y; Zhang, X-J; Liu, J.; Avanov, L.A.; Giles, B. L.; Russell, C. T.; Strangeway, R. J. (2020-05-28)
One of the most important properties of Earth's magnetotail thin current sheet (TCS) is that its current is predominantly contributed by magnetized electrons. The Hall electric field, normal to the TCS and generated by ...

Hybrid simulation of foreshock waves and ion spectra and their linkage to cusp energetic ions 

Wang, X. Y.; Lin, Y.; Chang, S. -W.; 0000-0001-5533-5981; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-16)
A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation is carried out to investigate energetic ions and electromagnetic waves in the quasi-parallel (Q-parallel to) bow shock and cusp for a typical interplanetary magnetic field ...

Hybrid simulation of mode conversion at the magnetopause 

Lin, Y.; Johnson, J. R.; Wang, X. Y.; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-16)
Two-dimensional hybrid simulations are used to investigate how fast-mode compressional waves incident on a magnetopause current layer mode convert both linearly and nonlinearly to short wavelength (k(perpendicular to)rho(i) ...

Intermediate shocks in three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic bow-shock flows with multiple interacting shock fronts 

Cable, S.; Lin, Y.; Holloway, J. L.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-18)
Previous MHD simulations predict that when switch-on shock conditions obtain in the solar wind, the bow shock produced in front of an ellipsoidal obstacle will produce a unique bow shock configuration that includes a concave ...

Investigation of storm time magnetotail and ion injection using three-dimensional global hybrid simulation 

Lin, Y.; Wang, X. Y.; Lu, S.; Perez, J. D.; Lu, Q.; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-05)
Dynamics of the near-Earth magnetotail associated with substorms during a period of extended southward interplanetary magnetic field is studied using a three-dimensional (3-D) global hybrid simulation model that includes ...

Ion Acceleration Inside Foreshock Transients 

Liu, Terry Z.; Lu, San; Angelopoulos, Vassilis; Lin, Yu; Wang, X. Y.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-05-28)
Recent observations upstream of Earth's bow shock have revealed that foreshock transients can not only accelerate solar wind ions by reflection at their upstream boundaries but may also accelerate ions inside them. Evidence ...

Ion Bernstein instability as a possible source for oxygen ion cyclotron harmonic waves 

Min, Kyungguk; Denton, Richard E.; Liu, Kaijun; Gary, S. Peter; Spence, Harlan E.; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-01)
This paper demonstrates that an ion Bernstein instability can be a possible source for recently reported electromagnetic waves with frequencies at or near the singly ionized oxygen ion cyclotron frequency, Omega(+)(O), and ...

Ion Bernstein instability dependence on the proton-to-electron mass ratio: Linear dispersion theory 

Min, Kyungguk; Liu, Kaijun; 0000-0002-2095-8529; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-03)
Fast magnetosonic waves, which have as their source ion Bernstein instabilities driven by tenuous ring-like proton velocity distributions, are frequently observed in the inner magnetosphere. One major difficulty in the ...

The ion temperature gradient: An intrinsic property of Earth's magnetotail 

Lu, San; Artemyev, A. V.; Angelopoulos, Vassilis; Lin, Yu; Wang, Xueyi; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-01)
Although the ion temperature gradient along (X GSM) and across (Z GSM) the Earth's magnetotail, which plays a key role in generating the cross‐tail current and establishing pressure balance with the lobes, has been extensively ...

Kinetic Alfven waves in three-dimensional magnetic reconnection 

Liang, Ji; Lin, Yu; Johnson, Jay R.; Wang, Xueyi; Wang, Zheng-Xiong; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-03)
Alfvenic waves are believed to be fundamentally important in magnetic reconnection. Kinetic dynamics of particles can break the Alfven speed limit in the evolution and propagation of perturbations during reconnection. In ...

Lattice thermal conductivity of MgO at conditions of Earth's interior 

Tang, Xiaoli; Dong, Jianjun (2020-06-29)
Thermal conductivity of the Earth’s lower mantle greatly impacts the mantle convection style and affects the heat conduction from the core to the mantle. Direct laboratory measurement of thermal conductivity of mantle ...

Magnetic field rotation and transition width in rotational discontinuities and Alfven wave trains 

Lin, Y.; Lee, LC.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-30)
A hybrid simulation is carried out to study the evolution of magnetic field rotations in rotational discontinuities (RDs) and large-amplitude Alfven wave trains (AWTs) whose initial field rotation angle \Delta Phi\ > 180 ...

Magnetic flux rope formation within a magnetosheath hot flow anomaly 

Hasegawa, H.; Zhang, H.; Lin, Y.; Sonnerup, B. U. O.; Schwartz, S. J.; Lavraud, B.; Zong, Q. -G.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-09)
We report observations on 1 March 2004 by the Cluster spacecraft of a hot flow anomaly (HFA) encountered in the dayside magnetosheath near Earth's bow shock. Embedded within the HFA was a magnetic flux rope with a diameter ...

Magnetosheath Reconnection Before Magnetopause Reconnection Driven by Interplanetary Tangential Discontinuity: A Three-Dimensional Global Hybrid Simulation With Oblique Interplanetary Magnetic Field 

Guo, Zhifang; Lin, Yu; Wang, Xueyi; Du, Aimin; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-05-28)
Terrestrial dayside dynamics associated with a southward turning, oblique interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) carried by an interplanetary tangential discontinuity (TD) is investigated by performing a three-dimensional ...

Modeling of a New Electron Acceleration Mechanism Ahead of Streamers 

Ihaddadene, Kevin M. A.; Dwyer, Joseph R.; Liu, Ningyu; Celestin, Sebastien; Shi, Feng (2020-05-26)
Head‐on collisions between negative and positive streamers have been proposed as a mechanism behind X‐ray emissions by laboratory spark discharges. Recent simulations using plasma fluid and particle in cell models of a ...

Modeling the loss of inner belt protons by magnetic field line curvature scattering 

Tu, Weichao; Cowee, M. M.; Liu, Kaijun; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-05)
The sudden loss of energetic protons in the inner radiation belt has been observed during geomagnetic storms. It is hypothesized that this sudden loss occurs because of changes in the geomagnetic field configuration which ...

The NSF/DOE Partnership in Basic Plasma Science & Engineering at 20: Report on the Anniversary Workshop 

Zweibel, Ellen; Brown, Michael; Mauel, Michael; Milchberg, Howard; Rocca, Jorge; Thomas, Edward Jr; 0000-0002-7747-0284 (2019-11-11)
A workshop recognizing the 20th anniversary of the NSF/DOE Partnership in Basic Plasma Science and Engineering was held at NSF on January 9-11, 2017. The workshop demonstrated some of the remarkable research and broader ...

One- and two-dimensional hybrid simulations of whistler mode waves in a dipole field 

Wu, S.; Denton, R. E.; Liu, Kaijun; Hudson, M. K.; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-05)
We simulate whistler mode waves using a hybrid code. There are four species in the simulations, hot electrons initialized with a bi-Maxwellian distribution with temperature in the direction perpendicular to background ...

Outflow from the ionosphere in the vicinity of the cusp 

Valek, PW; Perez, JD; Jahn, JM; Pollock, CJ; Wuest, MP; Friedel, RHW; Moore, TE; Peterson, WK (2020-06-26)
Low-energy ion outflows from the ionosphere are known to be an important source of plasma for the magnetosphere. The objective of this study is to describe the spatial relationships between low-energy ionospheric outflows ...