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Browsing Biological Sciences by Issue Date

Now showing items 21-40 of 100

Crossing the Divide: Admixture Across the Antarctic Polar Front Revealed by the Brittle Star Astrotoma agassizii 

Galaska, Matthew P; Sands, Chester J; Santos, Scott R; Mahon, Andrew R; Halanych, Kenneth M (2019-07-31)
The Antarctic Polar Front (APF) is one of the most well-defined and persistent oceanographic features on the planet and serves as a barrier to dispersal between the Southern Ocean and lower latitudes. High levels of endemism ...

Phylogenomic analyses of Crassiclitellata support major Northern and Southern Hemisphere clades and a Pangaean origin for earthworms 

Anderson, Frank E.; Williams, Bronwyn W.; Horn, Kevin M.; Erséus, Christer; Halanych, Kenneth M.; Santos, Scott R.; James, Samuel W. (2019-04-26)
BACKGROUND: Earthworms (Crassiclitellata) are a diverse group of annelids of substantial ecological and economic importance. Earthworms are primarily terrestrial infaunal animals, and as such are probably rather poor natural ...

The players in a mutualistic symbiosis: insects, bacteria, viruses, and virulence genes 

Moran, Nancy A; Degnan, Patrick H; Santos, Scott R; Dunbar, Helen E; Ochman, Howard (2019-08-08)
Aphids maintain mutualistic symbioses involving consortia of coinherited organisms. All possess a primary endosymbiont, Buchnera, which compensates for dietary deficiencies; many also contain secondary symbionts, such as ...

The influence of maternal nesting behaviour on offspring survival: evidence from correlational and cross-fostering studies 

Addis, Elizabeth; Warner, Daniel; Pruett, Jenna (2019-04-22)
The maternal effect of nesting behaviour is important in oviparous species because choice of microhabitat (e.g. shade cover, temperature) can determine the environment in which embryos develop. In turn, this maternal choice ...

Classification of a Hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila Pathotype Responsible for Epidemic Outbreaks in Warm-Water Fishes 

Rasmussen-Ivey, Cody R.; Hossain, Mohammad J.; Odom, Sara E; Terhun, Jeffery S.; Hemstreet, William G; Shoemaker, Craig A; Zhang, Dunhu; Xu, De-Hai; Griffin, Matt J; Liu, Yong-Jie; Figueras, Maria J; Santos, Scott R; Newton, Joseph C; Liles, Mark R (2019-04-29)
Lineages of hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) are the cause of persistent outbreaks of motile Aeromonas septicemia in warm-water fishes worldwide. Over the last decade, this virulent lineage of A. hydrophila has ...

Reproduction and development in Halocaridina rubra Holthuis, 1963 (Crustacea: Atyidae) clarifies larval ecology in the Hawaiian anchialine ecosystem 

Havird, Justin C; Vaught, Rebecca C; Weese, David A; Santos, Scott R (2019-08-01)
Larvae in aquatic habitats often develop in environments different from those they inhabit as adults. Shrimp in the Atyidae exemplify this trend, as larvae of many species require salt or brackish water for development, ...

Tracking transmission of apicomplexan symbionts in diverse Caribbean corals 

Kirk, Nathan L; Ritson-Williams, Raphael; Coffroth, Mary Alice; Miller, Margaret W; Fogarty, Nicole D; Santos, Scott R (2019-05-10)
Symbionts in each generation are transmitted to new host individuals either vertically (parent to offspring), horizontally (from exogenous sources), or a combination of both. Scleractinian corals make an excellent study ...

Genetic differentiation, structure, and a transition zone among populations of the pitcher plant moth Exyra semicrocea: implications for conservation 

Stephens, Jessica D; Santos, Scott R; Folkerts, Debbie R. (2019-05-10)
Pitcher plant bogs, or carnivorous plant wetlands, have experienced extensive habitat loss and fragmentation throughout the southeastern United States Coastal Plain, resulting in an estimated reduction to <3% of their ...

Molecular genetic evidence that dinoflagellates belonging to the genus Symbiodinium freudenthal are haploid 

Santos, Scott R; Coffroth, Mary Alice (2019-08-02)
Microscopic and cytological evidence suggest that many dinoflagellates possess a haploid nuclear phase. However, the ploidy of a number of dinoflagellates remains unknown, and molecular genetic support for haploidy in this ...

Longitudinal Analysis of a Diversity Support Program in Biology: A National Call for Further Assessment 

Ballen, Cissy J.; Mason, Nicholas A.; 0000-0002-4693-6117 (2020-05-26)
National calls to improve the performance and persistence of students from historically underrepresented backgrounds in science have led to a surge of research on inclusive, evidence-based teaching methods. Less work has ...

Enhancing Diversity in Undergraduate Science: Self-Efficacy Drives Performance Gains with Active Learning 

Ballen, Cissy J.; Wieman, Carl; Salehi, Shima; Searle, Jeremy B.; Zamudio, Kelly R.; 0000-0002-4693-6117 (2019-08-07)
Efforts to retain underrepresented minority (URM) students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have shown only limited success in higher education, due in part to a persistent achievement gap between ...

Discovery and broad relevance may be insignificant components of course-based 1 undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) for non-biology majors 

Ballen, Cissy J.; Thompson, Seth K.; Blum, Jessamina E.; Newstrom, Nicholas P.; Sehoya, Cotner; 0000-0002-4693-6117 (2020-05-26)
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) are a type of laboratory learning environment associated with a science course in which undergraduates participate in novel research. According to Auchinchloss et ...

Physiological consequences of an altered flow regime on Alabama bass (Micropterus henshalli) 

Earley, Laurie A.; Sammons, Steven M.; Mendonca, Mary T.; Johnston, Carol J.; 0000-0003-0916-9024 (2019-08-06)
There are numerous studies on the effects of dams on aquatic biota, yet relatively little is known about whether hydropeaking activities cause physiological change in fish. Using Alabama bass (Micropterus henshalli) as a ...

nadiv: an R package to create relatedness matrices for estimating non-additive genetic variances in animal models 

Wolak, Mathew E.; 0000-0002-7962-0071 (2019-09-15)
1. The Non-Additive InVerses (nadiv) R software package contains functions to create and use non-additive genetic relationship matrices in the animal model of quantitative genetics. 2. This study discusses the concepts ...

Does season-dependent reproductive value of offspring drive the evolution of life-history traits in Anolis lizards? 

Hall, Joshua M; Mitchell, Timothy S; Tiatragul, Sarin; Pearson, Phillip R; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
An important component of the reproductive strategy of many animals involves a seasonal shift in reproductive traits (i.e., clutch size, egg quality). Such shifts typically occur because environmental factors that influence ...

Thermal Spikes Caused by the Urban Heat Island Effect Result in Differential Egg Survival of a Non-native Lizard (Anolis cristatellus) 

Hall, Joshua M; Warner, Daniel A; http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5587-3402 (2019-09-15)
Embryonic development in ectotherms is very sensitive to abiotic nest conditions. In reptiles, high incubation temperatures often result in relatively short incubation periods and large hatching size, but extremely high ...

Biogeochemical and Microbial Variation across 5500 km of Antarctic Surface Sediment Implicates Organic Matter as a Driver of Benthic Community Structure 

Learman, Deric R; Henson, Michael W.; Thrash, J. Cameron; Temperton, Ben; Brannock, Pamela M; Santos, Scott R; Mahon, Andrew R; Halanych, Kenneth M (2019-04-29)
Western Antarctica, one of the fastest warming locations on Earth, is a unique environment that is underexplored with regards to biodiversity. Although pelagic microbial communities in the Southern Ocean and coastal Antarctic ...

Nemertean toxin genes revealed through transcriptome sequencing 

Whelan, Nathan V; Kocot, Kevin M; Santos, Scott R; Halanych, Kenneth M (2019-04-29)
Nemerteans are one of few animal groups that have evolved the ability to utilize toxins for both defense and subduing prey, but little is known about specific nemertean toxins. In particular, no study has identified specific ...

Development of endocytosis, degradative activity, and antigen processing capacity during GM-CSF driven differentiation of murine bone marrow 

Olatunde, Adesola C.; Abell, Laura P.; Landuyt, Ashley E.; Schwartz, Elizabeth Hiltbold (2022-03-11)
Dendritic cells (DC) are sentinels of the immune system, alerting and enlisting T cells to clear pathogenic threats. As such, numerous studies have demonstrated their effective uptake and proteolytic activities coupled ...