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Biological Sciences


Recent Submissions

Anemonefish oxygenate their anemone hosts at night 

Szczebak, Joseph T.; Henry, Raymond P.; Al-Horani, Fuad A.; Chadwick, Nanette (2023-09-20)
Many stony coral-dwelling fishes exhibit adaptations to deal with hypoxia among the branches of their hosts; however, no information exists on the respiratory ecophysiology of obligate fish associates of non-coral organisms ...

Net superoxide levels: steeper increase with activity in cooler female and hotter male lizards 

Ballen, Cissy J.; Healey, Mo; Wilson, Mark; Tobler, Michael; Wapstra, Erik; Olsson, Mats (2023-09-20)
Ectotherms increase their body temperature in response to ambient heat, thereby elevating their metabolic rate. An often inferred consequence of this is an overall upregulation of gene expression and energetic expenditure, ...

Can mixed assessment methods make biology classes more equitable 

Sehoya, Cotner; Ballen, Cissy J. (2023-09-20)
Many factors have been proposed to explain the attrition of women in science, technology, engineering and math fields, among them the lower performance of women in introductory courses resulting from deficits in incoming ...

Magnitude and Predictability of pH Fluctuations Shape Plastic Responses to Ocean Acidification 

Bitter, Mark; Kapsenberg, Lydia; Silliman, Katherine; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Pfister, Catherine; 0000-0002-4533-4114 (2023-06-17)
Phenotypic plasticity is expected to facilitate the persistence of natural populations as global change progresses. The attributes of fluctuating environments that favor the evolution of plasticity have received extensive ...

Reptile Embryos Lack the Opportunity to Thermoregulate by Moving within the Egg 

Telemeco, Rory; Gangloff, Eric; Cordero, Gerardo; Mitchell, Timothy; Bodensteiner, Brooke; Holden, Kaitlyn; Mitchell, Sarah; Polich, Rebecca; Janzen, Fredric; 0000-0002-2101-3295; 0000-0002-7136-769X; 0000-0002-9137-1741 (2023-05-17)
Historically, egg-bound reptile embryos were thought to passively thermoconform to the nest environment. However, recent observations of thermal taxis by embryos of multiple reptile species have led to the widely discussed ...

Why are incubation periods longer in the tropics? A common-garden experiment with house wrens reveals it is all in the egg 

Robinson, Douglas; Styrsky, John; Payne, Brian; Harper, Given; Thompson, Charles; 0000-0003-2240-0606 (2023-05-17)
Incubation periods of Neotropical birds are often longer than those of related species at temperate latitudes. We conducted a common-garden experiment to test the hypothesis that longer tropical incubation periods result ...

Plumage color as a composite trait: Developmental and functional integration of sexual ornamentation 

Badyaev, Alexander; Hill, Geoffrey; Dunn, Peter; Glen, John; 0000-0002-7450-4194; 0000-0001-8864-6495 (2023-05-17)
Most studies of condition-dependent sexual ornaments have treated such ornaments as single traits. However, sexual ornaments are often composites of several components, each produced by partially independent developmental ...

Bacteria as an agent for change in structural plumage color: Correlational and experimental evidence 

Shawkey, Matthew; Pillai, Shreekumar; Hill, Geoffrey; Siefferman, Lynn; Roberts, Sharon; 0000-0001-8864-6495; 0000-0002-5131-8209; 0000-0002-9600-2902 (2023-05-17)
Recent studies have documented that a diverse assemblage of bacteria is present on the feathers of wild birds and that uropygial oil affects these bacteria in diverse ways. These findings suggest that birds may regulate ...

Generation time, elasticity patterns, and mammalian life histories: A reply to Gaillard et al. 

Dobson, F. Stephen; Oli, Madan K.; 0000-0001-5562-6316; 0000-0001-6944-0061 (2023-05-17)

Selective predation on Utah prairie dogs 

Hoogland, John; Cannon, Kristin; Manno, Theodore; DeBarbieri, Lili (2023-05-17)
Predation always affects demography and population dynamics, but removal of certain types of individuals is especially consequential. Predators strike quickly and commonly avoid areas with human observers, however, and ...

The relative importance of life-history variables to population growth rate in mammals: Cole's prediction revisited 

Oli, Madan; Dobson, F. Stephen; 0000-0001-5562-6316 (2023-05-17)
The relative importance of life-history variables to population growth rate (lambda) has substantial consequences for the study of life-history evolution and for the dynamics of biological populations. Using life-history ...

Micro- and Macroevolutionary Trade-Offs in Plant-Feeding Insects 

Peterson, Daniel; Hardy, Nate; Normark, Benjamin; 0000-0002-6267-9552; 0000-0002-3024-3068 (2023-05-17)
A long-standing hypothesis asserts that plant-feeding insects specialize on particular host plants because of negative interactions (trade-offs) between adaptations to alternative hosts, yet empirical evidence for such ...

Data from: Dynamics of honey bee colony death and its implications for Varroa destructor mite transmission using observation hives 

Smith, Michael L.; (2023-01-14)
This dataset contains the data which were collected for the "dynamics of death" research project. There are four data files attached: one readme file, and three sets of data.

Data for: Does it pay to pay? A comparison of the benefits of open-access publishing across various sub-fields in biology 

Steury, Todd; Stevison, Laurie; 0000-0001-6754-8319 (2022-12-09)
Here we provide the R data objects used for the analysis reported in "Does it pay to pay? A comparison of the benefits of open-access publishing across various sub-fields in Biology".


Dobson, F. Stephen; Michener, Gail R.; (2022-12-06)
Differences among conspecifics in body mass result from underlying differences in structural size and physiological condition. To determine whether the structural or physiological component of body mass has a stronger ...

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