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Overlap of the plasmasphere and ring current: Relation to subauroral ionospheric heating 

Gurgiolo, C.; Sandel, BR; Perez, JD; Mitchell, DG; Pollock, CJ; Larsen, BA (2020-06-18)
The overlap of the ring current with the outer plasmasphere is thought to play a major role in storm-time related increases in the subauroral ambient topside electron temperature. Instabilities generated within the overlap ...

Lattice thermal conductivity of MgO at conditions of Earth's interior 

Tang, Xiaoli; Dong, Jianjun (2020-06-29)
Thermal conductivity of the Earth’s lower mantle greatly impacts the mantle convection style and affects the heat conduction from the core to the mantle. Direct laboratory measurement of thermal conductivity of mantle ...

DAVIS: A direct algorithm for velocity-map imaging system 

Harrison, G. R.; Vaughan, J. C.; Hidle, B.; Laurent, G. M.; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3700-7412 (2020-06-25)
In this work, we report a direct (non-iterative) algorithm to reconstruct the three-dimensional (3D) momentum-space picture of any charged particles collected with a velocity-map imaging system from the two-dimensional ...

Proton velocity ring-driven instabilities in the inner magnetosphere: Linear theory and particle-in-cell simulations 

Min, Kyungguk; Liu, Kaijun; 0000-0002-2095-8529; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-03)
Linear dispersion theory and electromagnetic particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations are used to investigate linear growth and nonlinear saturation of the proton velocity ring-driven instabilities, namely, ion Bernstein instability ...

Spectral properties and associated plasma energization by magnetosonic waves in the Earth's magnetosphere: Particle-in-cell simulations 

Sun, Jicheng; Gao, Xinliang; Lu, Quanming; Chen, Lunjin; Liu, Xu; Wang, Xueyi; Tao, Xin; Wang, Shui; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-01)
In this paper, we perform a 1-D particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation model consisting of three species, cold electrons, cold ions, and energetic ion ring, to investigate spectral structures of magnetosonic waves excited by ...

Hall effect control of magnetotail dawn-dusk asymmetry: A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation 

Lu, San; Lin, Y.; Angelopoulos, V.; Artemyev, A. V.; Pritchett, P. L.; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Xueyi; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-03)
Magnetotail reconnection and related phenomena (e.g., flux ropes, dipolarizing flux bundles, flow bursts, and particle injections) occur more frequently on the duskside than on the dawnside. Because this asymmetry can ...

Fast Magnetosonic Waves Observed by Van Allen Probes: Testing Local Wave Excitation Mechanism 

Min, Kyungguk; Liu, Kaijun; Wang, Xueyi; Chen, Lunjin; Denton, Richard E.; 0000-0001-5882-1328; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-05-28)
Linear Vlasov theory and particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations for electromagnetic fluctuations in a homogeneous, magnetized, and collisionless plasma are used to investigate a fast magnetosonic wave event observed by the Van ...

Understanding the growth rate patterns of ion Bernstein instabilities driven by ring-like proton velocity distributions 

Min, Kyungguk; Liu, Kaijun; 0000-0002-2095-8529; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-03)
Fast magnetosonic waves in Earth's inner magnetosphere, which have as their source ion Bernstein instabilities, are driven by hot proton velocity distributions (f(p)) with partial derivative f(p)(v(perpendicular to))/partial ...

The Comprehensive Inner Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Model 

Fok, M. -C.; Buzulukova, N. Y.; Chen, S. -H.; Glocer, A.; Nagai, T.; Valek, P.; Perez, J. D. (2020-06-05)
Simulation studies of the Earth's radiation belts and ring current are very useful in understanding the acceleration, transport, and loss of energetic particles. Recently, the Comprehensive Ring Current Model (CRCM) and ...

Ion Bernstein instability as a possible source for oxygen ion cyclotron harmonic waves 

Min, Kyungguk; Denton, Richard E.; Liu, Kaijun; Gary, S. Peter; Spence, Harlan E.; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-01)
This paper demonstrates that an ion Bernstein instability can be a possible source for recently reported electromagnetic waves with frequencies at or near the singly ionized oxygen ion cyclotron frequency, Omega(+)(O), and ...

Modeling the loss of inner belt protons by magnetic field line curvature scattering 

Tu, Weichao; Cowee, M. M.; Liu, Kaijun; 0000-0001-5882-1328 (2020-06-05)
The sudden loss of energetic protons in the inner radiation belt has been observed during geomagnetic storms. It is hypothesized that this sudden loss occurs because of changes in the geomagnetic field configuration which ...

Dynamics of ring current ions as obtained from IMAGE HENA and MENA ENA images 

Perez, JD; Zhang, XX; Brandt, PCS; Mitchell, DG; Jahn, JM; Pollock, CJ (2020-06-18)
Ion distributions from three storms in the year 2000 have been obtained from HENA and MENA ENA images at 27-39 keV and 5-12 keV, respectively. The observed motion of the ring current is compared with calculations of expected ...

Hybrid simulation of foreshock waves and ion spectra and their linkage to cusp energetic ions 

Wang, X. Y.; Lin, Y.; Chang, S. -W.; 0000-0001-5533-5981; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-16)
A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation is carried out to investigate energetic ions and electromagnetic waves in the quasi-parallel (Q-parallel to) bow shock and cusp for a typical interplanetary magnetic field ...

Outflow from the ionosphere in the vicinity of the cusp 

Valek, PW; Perez, JD; Jahn, JM; Pollock, CJ; Wuest, MP; Friedel, RHW; Moore, TE; Peterson, WK (2020-06-26)
Low-energy ion outflows from the ionosphere are known to be an important source of plasma for the magnetosphere. The objective of this study is to describe the spatial relationships between low-energy ionospheric outflows ...

Generation of near-Earth reconnection by divergent flows in the plasma sheet 

Lin, Y.; Swift, DW; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-25)
A global two-dimensional hybrid simulation is carried out to study the evolution of the near-Earth plasma sheet. It is shown that reconnection X lines and plasmoids can be generated by diverging flows in the plasma sheet. ...

Reversal of magnetic field rotation in the reconnection layer due to shear flow effects 

Sun, Xiaoxia; Lin, Yu; Wang, Xiaogang; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-18)
We investigate the effects of shear flows on the so-called "component reconnection," in which the guide field B-y not equal 0, by solving a one-dimensional Riemann problem for magnetopause reconnection using a resistive ...

Intermediate shocks in three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic bow-shock flows with multiple interacting shock fronts 

Cable, S.; Lin, Y.; Holloway, J. L.; 0000-0001-8003-9252 (2020-06-18)
Previous MHD simulations predict that when switch-on shock conditions obtain in the solar wind, the bow shock produced in front of an ellipsoidal obstacle will produce a unique bow shock configuration that includes a concave ...

Investigation of storm time magnetotail and ion injection using three-dimensional global hybrid simulation 

Lin, Y.; Wang, X. Y.; Lu, S.; Perez, J. D.; Lu, Q.; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-05)
Dynamics of the near-Earth magnetotail associated with substorms during a period of extended southward interplanetary magnetic field is studied using a three-dimensional (3-D) global hybrid simulation model that includes ...

Dipolarization fronts as earthward propagating flux ropes: A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation 

Lu, San; Lin, Yu; Wang, Xueyi; Wang, Shui; 0000-0001-8003-9252; 0000-0001-5533-5981 (2020-06-03)
Dipolarization fronts (DFs) as earthward propagating flux ropes (FRs) in the Earth's magnetotail are presented and investigated with a three-dimensional (3-D) global hybrid simulation for the first time. In the simulation, ...

Experimental characterization of broadband electrostatic noise due to plasma compression 

DuBois, Ami M.; Thomas, Edward Jr.; Amatucci, William E.; Ganguli, Gurudas; 0000-0003-0947-8038; 0000-0002-7747-0284 (2020-06-05)
For a wide variety of laboratory and space plasma environments, theoretical predictions state that plasmas are unstable to inhomogeneous flows over a very broad frequency range. Such sheared flows are generated in the ...